Traditional Educational Institutions in Child Education in Sierra Leone

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a colony of Sierra Leone originated within the sale and cession in 1787 through native chiefs to English settlers of a piece of land supposed as a home for African settlers who were waifs in London and later it become used as a settlement for freed African slaves. The hinterland turned into declared a British Protectorate on 21st August 1896. Sierra Leone attained independence on 27th April 1961 and have become a Republic in 1971. Education is supplied by means of each private and nation-subsidized colleges. The cutting-edge device of training is 6-three-four-four (this is six years Primary school, 3 years Junior Secondary School, four years Senior Secondary School and four years tertiary/higher schooling. This system is complemented by using no- formal schooling.


Education is often used in the feel of training in the lecture room, laboratory, workshop or home technological know-how room and is composed mainly in the supplying via the instructor, and the purchase through pupils, of facts and intellectual in addition to manual capabilities. A wider that means than coaching is that of schooling. That is to mention all that is going on in the college as a part of the pupil’s lifestyles there. It includes, among other matters, the relationship between scholars and teachers, pupils, and scholars each in and outside the school. J. S. Mill (1931) opined that anything helps to shape the individual; to make the character what he is or hinder him from being what he is not is a part of his training. Implicitly education is lifelong and ubiquitous; it’s miles the sum total of all impacts which go to make someone what he is, from beginning to loss of life. It includes the home, our pals, and the street amongst others.

Education is to a degree a planned deliberate manner devised and conducted by means of the educator with the cause of imbuing the learner with sure statistics, talents, of thoughts and frame in addition to modes of behavior considered suited. In part, it’s far the learner’s personal response to the environment wherein he lives. Education has three focal points: the man or woman/man or woman upon whom the educator’s impacts are delivered to endure; the society or community to which he belongs; and the whole context of reality inside which the individual and society play their part. The man is a social creature; he grows as someone via the effect of persona on personality; and even for his primary physical wishes, he relies upon at the assist and cooperation of his fellow males and females. Without society and the mutual support and enrichment of reports which it offers civilization is impossible and the existence of man, in Hobbes’ phrases, is “solitary, poor, nasty, brutish and brief.”

One of the fundamental records of human life is the tension among the pull of the beyond and the ahead urge into the future, between balance and change, culture and innovation. For a powerful living, man desires a circle of security, a place of setting up habits and relationship which forms dependable relationships. This is likewise proper of society. For its powerful functioning, there should be an underlying continuity of traditions and outlook which preserves its identification as a society and safeguards it in opposition to the disruptive effects of trade. Change must be for lifestyles and no longer static but this modification in flip need to be controlled with the aid of the fundamental traditions of society. It is a ulture which offers a nation its person and forte as a society. The conservation of subculture consequently is obviously critical.

It has been identified from time immemorial that the conservation of traditional training has a important part to play inside the improvement of the child. The youngsters of today are the adults of tomorrow; they must be trained consequently, to inherit and perpetuate the ideals and modes of existence ordinary to the particular society to which they belong. For each society has the choice to preserve itself not only bodily however as community consciously sharing positive ambitions, beliefs and styles of behavior. This type of education is not always formal in colleges by means of classroom preparation however that effected in a roundabout way thru the circle of relatives and through the impact at the man or woman of social impacts and customs which the kid cannot avoid. In Sierra Leone this social education included tricky ceremonies of initiation concerning feats of patience wherein younger males and females have to prove themselves worth of the network. The last aim changed into to provide an man or woman who became honest, respectful, skilled, cooperative, and who may want to conform to the social order of the day. As Aristotle once stated “the charter of a nation will suffer if education is neglected. The citizens of a nation should constantly be educated to suit the charter of the state. The sort of person appropriate to a charter is the strength which continues to preserve it as it is also the kingdom force which originally created it” (p. I).


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Traditional education has both a creative and conservation feature in society; it’s far a powerful approach of preserving a society’s customs, if no longer subculture. In the past the character and needs of society played a important element in figuring out the nature of schooling. Professor M.V.C. Jeffreys (1950) as soon as wrote in his ebook, Glaucon, that “in a tranquil society the academic device will tend to reflect the social sample, even as social uneasiness and instability create possibility for the usage of training as an device of social alternate”(p.7). A comparable view become shared through John Dewey (1897) who opined that thru education society can formulate its very own functions, can prepare its personal method and assets and for that reason keep itself with definiteness and economic system in the course in which it desires to move. Education seems both to the beyond and the destiny; unavoidably it reflects the traditions and man or woman of society. Traditional schooling can be used to put together for adjustments in society and assume and save you modifications or the effects of modifications in society.

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Shirley D. McCormick


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