When a borrower borrows a sum of money from banks or NBFCs at a specific interest rate to buy a home or a real estate property, it is termed a home loan. Home loans are usually repaid to the financial institution that disburses them in EMIs. On the other hand, if a bank or NBFC lends money to a borrower while keeping the borrower’s asset as security or collateral, it is termed a Loan Against Property (LAP). The asset can be a piece of land, home, investments, or any other commercial property that belongs to the borrower.
Let us find out the difference between these two types of loans.
|Basis of Difference||Home Loan||Loan Against Property|
|Sanction||The loan is sanctioned based on the property you are buying. The loan amount is usually a percentage of the property value.||The loan is sanctioned against the mortgage of any of your assets. The value of the asset determines how much loan amount is offered.|
|Purpose||It can be used to purchase flats, land for constructing a home, an under-construction residential property, etc.||It can be used to buy commercial property or a shop or can be used as a business loan or personal loan for funding a family business or to buy a property. In other words, there is no fixed purpose defined for the usage of a LAP.|
|Tax benefits||It has a tax exemption of up to Rs. 1.5 lakh on the principal amount under Section 80C of the IT Act. Besides, the repayment of the interest portion is also for tax benefit Under Section 24.||It does not carry tax benefits unless the end use of the loan qualifies for such benefits. For instance, LAP used to purchase a new home qualifies for Section 24 gifts on the loan interest.|
|Loan to value||Before providing g the loan, the lender considers the property’s value. They then sanction a percentage, generally 80-90% of the property value, as a loan.||The lenders consider the value of your asset that is being held as collateral for loan approval. Accordingly, you may be sanctioned a loan amount based on this value.|
|Tenure||The EMI is comparatively smaller but carries a higher total interest cost. It has a long repayment tenure of 20-30 years. You can check both using a home loan interest calculator.||It has a shorter repayment tenure of a few years only, generally not more than 15 years.|
|Documentation||The simple process should not take more than 15 days for complete verification and documentation.||The process is lengthy and complicated. The lenders do a detailed verification of property ownership and other related facts.|
In addition to this, home loan interest rates are lower compared to many other loan products. However, LAP is also available at attractive interest rates, being a secured loan. Therefore, both these types of loans are popular forms of finance.